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Please explain me the main differences between SOAP and RESTful web services in java and how to decide on which service to be used in a particular scenario.
For an API which is public and either complex or likely to change, SOAP is better. For all other requirements, you can use REST.
REST- Faster, light weight, lower bandwidth and shorter learning curve.
SOAP - provides a mechanism for services to describe themselves to the clients and to advertise their existence.